Disc Brake Pad And Rotors
In my humble opinion this subject we are to discuss forms part of the safety features on your car. Irrespective of what make, model engine capacity or horse power your automobile is or has. What gadgets color or body styling it has irrelevant. None of the specs matter if the ability to bring your vehicle to a safe dead stop is compromised. Without a reliable braking system all of the above is waste of time.
Braking System on the most of the vehicle is divided to two separate circuits. The front brakes and the rear brakes, if one fail the other will still function. For the brake pad and rotors to be able to work they are components involved for your car to stop.
The Master Cylinder
The master cylinder is foot operated pump that forces the brake fluid into the lines and wheel cylinder. Is designed to work for separated system. The brake master has a primary piston for the front brakes and the secondary piston for the rear brakes. It develops the pressure causing the wheel cylinder to move towards the rotor or the drums. And that where the brake pad and brake shoes produce sufficient pressure for braking.
This unit is used to draws vacuum from the intake manifold to add power to the normal brake pressure. May you have also on your car sensing valve to prevent your rear wheels from locking under severe braking conditions. The function of the valve also is to change the front and rear brake fluid pressure distribution in response to your car loading.
Disc Brakes or Rotor
Your car front wheel and rear wheels are equipped with disc brakes ( Rotor) and they are attached to the axle and the wheel. Around of the rotor is mounted caliper assembly.
The caliper assembly which houses two hydraulic operated disc brake pads. On the new models feature a single or dual piston sliding caliper. When you applied the brakes by depressing the pedal, brake fluid pressure forces both brake pads against the rotor. That pressure and resultant friction on your rotor is what slows the wheel. The caliper assembly consist of cylinder body, piston seal, piston, dust seal and the torque member.
The drum brakes is used on the some models. The others used disc brakes , brake shoes are used for the hand brake and they housed behind the disc brakes. The fluid pressure coming from the master cylinder forces the rear wheel cylinder piston outward. The forces push the brake shoes or the brake pads against brake drum or disc rotor.
Wheel Cylinder And Brake Shoes
The fluid pressure coming from the master cylinder forces the rear wheel cylinder piston, which in turn the forces the brake shoes against the brake drum attached to the rear wheel of your car. That force is what slows your car wheel. The wheel cylinders contain two operating pistons which contact both brake shoes. The adjustment is automatic on the some cars occurring when the parking brake is applied. On the other models are equipped with rear disc brakes, similar to the front disc brake. The hand brake is cable operated.You can adjust your hand brake from the handle or from adjustment arm by the brake shoes. If in any operation involving the dismantling of any part of the brake system you must test drive your car to check for proper braking. Test your brakes at various speeds with light and heavy pedal pressure. You car should brake evenly without pulling to the right or to the left.
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